Private 8478 Thomas Henry Tyso

Killed in Action on Wednesday, 21st October 1914, age 25.
Commemorated on Panel 35 and 37 of Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.

1st Bn., South Staffordshire Regiment. 22nd Brigade of 7th Division.

of 4 Old Coppice, Ocker Hill, Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Darlaston, Enlisted: Lichfield, Resident: Wednesbury.

First landed France & Flanders, 4th October 1914.
Medal entitlement: 1914 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the St. Mark's Memorial.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/1627256/

Genealogical Data

Birth of Thomas Henry Tiso (sic) registered June quarter 1890 in Walsall.

1901 Census
51 Ocker Hill Road, Tipton, Staffs.
Thomas R Tiso (40, General Iron Labourer, born Aston), his wife Harriet (34, born Stratford-upon-Avon), and their 7 children: Emily (15, born Stratford-upon-Avon), Thomas Henry (10, born Darlaston), Elizabeth May (8, born Darlaston), Ernest E. (5, born Tipton), Louisa Ellen (3, born Tipton), William (1, born Tipton), and Baby (1 month, born Tipton).

1911 Census
The Tiso family were now living at 4 Old Coppice, Ocker Hill, Tipton with the exception of Thomas who had joined the South Staffs regiment and was stationed in Gibraltar.

South Barracks, Gibraltar
1st Battalion, South Staffs Regiment
Thomas Henry Tyso (20, Infantry Private, born Darlaston).

Personal Data

Thomas Tyso is spelt Tiso on his birth registration and census records. All his Army, CWGC and SDGW entries, and his entry on the Tipton and St Mark's Memorials spell his surname as Tyso.

Action resulting in his death

The 1st South Staffs were part of the 7th Division made up from units serving abroad at the time of the outbreak of war. They landed in Belgium on 6th October 1914 to help defend Antwerp, but arriving too late to prevent the city falling to the Germans. Instead, the 7th Division moved to Ypres, being the first British Division to serve in the 'Immortal Salient". During the First Battle of Ypres, between the 19th to 21st October they fought on the Broodseinde Ridge, a successful delaying action which inflicted heavy casualties on the Germans.

From 1st South Staffs War Diary:
"Furious German attack all day. Drummer Wheeler and Arnold killed by snipers, Lt Evans wounded. At 4pm 2nd Queens and 1st Royal Welsh Fusiliers withdrew, leaving the left flank exposed. Battalion lost stores and transport, and all the officer's kit. L/Cpl Protherick of the band wounded while carrying a wounded man. On the right, Capt Ransford was wounded in the hand while using binoculars. The machine guns, placed on the road between A/B and C/D Companies, did "good execution". Sgt Bytheway was in charge."

Thomas was killed in action on the 21st October, he has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate, Ypres.

Newspaper Cuttings

Tipton Herald 20th February 1915
Official intimation has been received of the death of Private Harry Tyso, whose parents live at 3 Old Coppice, Wednesbury. Tyso, who was well known in the town, was killed in action at Ypres on October 21st. (Editor: Roll of Honour in edition of 13th February had reported both E and H Tyso of 4 Old Coppice, Ocker Hill, having enlisted.)