Private 13295 James Turner

Turner JamesHickinbottom Noah 96
Two Tipton men, Noah Hickinbottom and James Turner lie side by side.

Killed in Action on Wednesday, 18th August 1915, age 24.
Buried in Grave X. B. 22. at Voormezeele Enclosure No.3, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.

8th Bn., South Staffordshire Regiment. 51st Brigade of 17th Division.

Son of Mr Joseph and Mrs Mary Turner, of 2 House, 10 Court, Horseley Heath, Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: West Bromwich, Resident: Tipton.

First landed France & Flanders, 14th July 1915.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the Tipton Library Memorial.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/457106/

Genealogical Data

1901 Census
1 House, 10 Court, Horseley Heath, Tipton, Staffs.
Joseph Turner (35, Ironworker, born Tipton), his wife Mary (30, born Tipton), and their 5 children: James (10, born Tipton) Daniel (7, born Tipton), Arthur (4, born Tipton), Robert (3, born Tipton), and Lilly (2 months, born Tipton).

1911 Census
2 House, 10 Court, Horseley Heath, Tipton, Staffs.
Joseph Turner (43, General Labourer, born Tipton), his wife Mary (38, born Tipton), and their 5 of their 6 surviving children of 7: James (20, General Labourer, born Tipton), Arthur (14, General Labouer, born Tipton), Robert (12, School, born Tipton), Lilly (11, School, born Tipton), and Ann (1, born Tipton).

Personal Data

All 4 Turner brothers - James, Daniel, Arthur and Robert served in the Great War, with the 2 eldest - James and Daniel being killed.

After James's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £2/2/5d (2 pounds, 2 shillings and 5 pence); this was paid to his mother, Mary, in November 1915. His War Gratuity was £3/0/0d (3 pounds exactly), this was also paid to his mother in July 1919. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that James had enlisted within the 12 months prior to his death.

James’s mother, Mrs Mary Turner, was awarded a Dependant’s Pension of 5/0d (5 shillings) per week, effective from 7th November 1915. The pension increased to 7/0d (7 shillings) per week from 4th April 1917, and then to 8/5d (8 shillings and 5 pence) per week from 17th January 1922. The latter date also saw the transfer of this pension to James’s father, Joseph Turner, on the death of Mary Turner. Their address was still 2 House, 10 Court, Horseley Heath, Tipton. Court 10 Horseley Heath was also known as Police Station Yard.

Action resulting in his death

James Turner landed in France on the 14th July, and was killed in action just 5 weeks later on 18th August. The 8th South Staffs had gone into the front line at Voormezeele, near Ypres, on the 16th August.

The War Diary for the 18th August reports:
"Usual shelling & sniping during the day. About 2am on the night 18-19th, the enemy threw bomb & rifle grenades into our trenches.
Sgt. Kelly of 'D' Company and 3 other Machine Gun men were killed by one rifle grenade."

These 3 men were Privates W. Panter, J. Riley and James Turner. James Turner is buried in Voormezeele Enclosure No. 3, about 2 miles south of Ypres.

Newspaper Cuttings