Corporal 8491 Abraham Tudor

 Tudor Abraham 96 426x600

Died of Wounds on Sunday, 16th May 1915, age 22.
Buried in Grave I. C. 11. at Chocques Military Cemetery, Pas De Calais, France.

2nd Bn., South Staffordshire Regiment. 6th Brigade of 2nd Division.

Son of Abraham and Mary Tudor.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: Wednesbury, Resident: Tipton.

First landed France & Flanders, 9th November 1914.
Medal entitlement: 1914 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Not commemorated on any Tipton memorial.
Commemorated here because identified as Tipton on 'Soldiers Died in the Great War'.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/167291/

Genealogical Data

Birth of Abraham Tudor registered January quarter 1893 at Dudley. Abraham was baptised at St. Martin's Church, Tipton, on 4th January 1893.

1901 Census
37 Church Lane, Tipton, Staffs.
Abraham Tudor (37, Coal Loader in Mine, born Tipton), his wife Mary (35, born Tipton), and their 3 children: Sarah Jane (17, Domestic Servant, born Tipton), William (10, born Tipton), and Abraham (8, born Tipton).

1911 Census
16 Canal View, Tipton, Staffs.
Abraham Tudor (48, Coal Miner - Hewer, born Tipton), his wife Mary (45, born Tipton), and 2 of their surviving children of 7: Abraham (18, Coal Hewer's Loader, born Tipton), and Emma (5, born Tipton).

Marriage of Abraham Tudor and Agnes Deakin registered September quarter 1912 at Dudley.

Personal Data

Abraham was initially with the 4th (Extra Reserve) Battalion, South Staffs. This means that sometime before the outbreak of war, Abraham had enlisted for a period of 6 months full-time service to be followed by several years of Reserves service. Upon mobilisation, the 4th Battalion became a training unit that prepared men for service with Regular Battalions overseas. Abraham would have been instantly called-up, and after a short period of intensive training was posted abroad to serve with the 2nd Battalion, South Staffords.

After Abraham's death, his army pay and allowances had been overpaid by the sum of 4 shillings. The family was informed, but there did not appear to be any action to collect this sum. Abraham's War Gratuity was paid to his widow and sole legatee, Agnes, in July 1919; this amounted to £4/0/0d (4 pounds precisely). The amount of the War Gratuity and his date of death suggest that Abraham enlisted in August 1914.

Action resulting in his death

The Battle of Festubert commenced on the night of 15th/16th May against a German salient between Neuve Chapelle and Festubert, and was the first night attack of the war. The bombardment had failed to significantly damage the German defences, and only the 6th Brigade - with the 2nd South Staffs in reserve - made initial progress.

On the 17th the Germans withdrew 1200 yards to a newly-prepared line, this allowed the British to capture a German strongpoint called the Quadrilateral and over 450 prisoners. Unfortunately a subsequent attack during that afternoon, attempting to take advantage of this success, failed to produce any results.

On the 18th the Canadian Division, assisted by the 51st (Highland) Division, renewed the advance, but this made little progress in the face of effective German artillery fire. The British forces then entrenched themselves at the new front line in conditions of heavy rain. The 2nd South Staffs, as part of 2nd Division, were relieved on the 19th May having lost heavily on the previous day.

When French ordered Haig to terminate the offensive on 25th May, 1200 yards had been gained but at a cost of 16,000 casualties.

On 16th May, Abraham died of wounds at No. 1 Casualty Clearing Station at Chocques, about 8 miles west of Festubert. He was probably wounded in the opening actions of the Battle of Festubert. Abraham is buried at Chocques Military Cemetery.

Newspaper Cuttings