Private G/8503 Edward Daniel Tate

Tate Edward 96 394x600

Died of Wounds on Monday, 1st May 1916, age 19.
Buried in Grave II. D. 76. at Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension (Nord), Nord, France.

13th Bn., Middlesex Regiment. 73rd Brigade of 24th Division.

Son of Mr and Mrs George William Tate, 21 Chapel Street, Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: Tipton, Resident: Unknown.

First landed France & Flanders, 1st September 1915.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the Tipton Library, and St. Matthew's memorials.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/201812/

Genealogical Data

Birth of Edward Daniel Tate registered December quarter 1896 in Dudley.

1901 Census
21 High Street, Tipton, Staffs.
William Tate (34, Wheelwright, born Tipton), his wife Amelia (31, born Tipton), and their 5 children: Sarah A. (8, born Tipton), William H. (7, born Tipton), Edward D. (4, born Tipton), Clara (3, born Tipton), and Ellen (1 month, born Tipton).

1911 Census
2 House 2 Court, High Street, Tipton, Staffs.
William Tate (42, Wheelwright in Coach Building Trade, born Tipton), his wife Annie (42, born Tipton), and 6 of their 7 surviving children of 8: William (16, Labourer in Iron Works, born Tipton), Daniel (14, Labourer in Iron Works, born Tipton), Clara (12, School, born Tipton), Nelly (10, School, born Tipton), Phoebe (7, School, born Tipton), and Emma (3, born Tipton). William and Annie had been married 19 years, and their house consisted of only 2 rooms.

Personal Data

The Tipton Library Memorial says EN Tate. This was an error by the sign-writer as the 'Staffordshire Roll of Honour' said ED Tate.

After Edward's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £2/17/5d (2 pounds, 17 shillings and 5 pence); this was paid to his mother and sole legateee, Amy, in August 1916. His War Gratuity was £4/10/0d (4 pounds and 10 shillings), this was also paid to his mother in September 1919. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that Edward had enlisted in approximately March 1915.

Action resulting in his death

The 13th Middlesex were in 73rd Brigade of 24th Division, landing in France in early September 1915. The Division first saw action in the Battle of Loos on 26th September, on the second day of the battle. They had endured extensive marches over several nights to reach the Loos area, and were exhausted when they arrived. They went into action at Fosse 8 near Auchy, suffering over 4000 casualties for little reward.

The Division move about 20 miles north into Belgium, just west of the Messines Ridge. Their next significant date was the 30th April 1916, when the Germans launched a gas attack at Wulverghem when Pte Tate inhaled the gas which lead to his death on May 1st. The following is a quote from Sir Douglas Haig's despatch.

Sir Douglas Haig's 1st Despatch (St Eloi), 19 May 1916.
German Gas Attacks, 29th/30th April
On the night of the 29th/30th April the enemy carried out a gas attack on a considerable scale near Wulverghem, on a front of 3,500 yards held by the 3rd and 24th Divisions. The operation was opened by heavy rifle and machine-gun fire under cover of which the gas was released.
Immediately afterwards a heavy "barrage", or curtain of artillery fire, was placed on three parts of this area, and eight infantry attacks were launched. Of these attacks only two penetrated our trenches; one was immediately repelled, while the other was driven out by a counter-attack after about 40 minutes' occupation.
The enemy's object would appear to have been the destruction of mine shafts, as a charge of gun-cotton was found unexploded in a disused shaft, to which the enemy had penetrated. But if this was his object he was completely unsuccessful.

Dan Tate was taken back some 6 miles to the Casualty Clearing Station at Bailleul, but he died from gas poisoning on the next day, Monday 1st May, and was buried at Bailleul Communal Cemetery. 19 men of the 13th Middlesex died as a result of this action.

Newspaper Cuttings

Tipton Herald May 13th 1916
Mr and Mrs George William Tate, of 21 Chapel Street, Tipton, have received a letter from a nursing sister at one of the Casualty Clearing Stations in France, informing them that their youngest son, Private Edward Dan Tate, of the 13th Middlesex, has died from gas poisoning. He was taken to the hospital on Sunday, April 30th, and passed away on Monday afternoon, May 1st. He was slightly conscious, and when the sister told him that she would write to his parents, he sent his love. He was buried in a part of the cemetery reserved for our brave troops, a little wooden cross marking each spot. The sister enclosed in her letter to the mother, a lock of her son's hair. The deceased young soldier had been slightly gassed before, and he had been told that it would soon be his time for a furlough.
The brave young lad worked as a blacksmith at Messrs. Bullers Ltd. prior to the war. He enlisted on February 22nd 1915, and landed in France on September 2nd. He was only 19 years of age in September last. An elder brother is serving in Egypt.
Singular to say, the mother of the young soldier has two brothers serving in the present war, one in Egypt and one in France. Her eldest daughter's husband was wounded at the front, in the ankle, and had frostbitten feet, and he has been sent home to work at Bullers Ltd. They also reside in Chapel Street, and the husband (Private Smith) has four brothers serving in the forces.