Stoker 1st Class 297773 Philip Francis Price

Price Philip Francis 96 380x600

Killed in Action on Sunday, 1st November 1914, age 34.
Commemorated on Panel 4 of Portsmouth Naval Memorial, Hampshire, United Kingdom.

Royal Navy, H.M.S. "Good Hope." (RFR/PO/B/2434).

Son of Henry Albert and Mary Ann Price, of Gold's Hill, West Bromwich; husband of Sarah Price, of 42, Tame St., Hill Top, West Bromwich.
Born: West Bromwich, Enlisted: Unknown, Resident: Tipton.

First served in 1914.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Navy Papers transcribed.

Not commemorated on any Tipton memorial.
Commemorated here as a relative provided his name.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/2871893/

Genealogical Data

According to Naval records, Philip was born on 28th February 1882. However, the birth of Philip Francis Price was registered in June quarter 1880 in West Bromwich.

1901 Census
17 Bridge Road, Tipton, Staffs.
Henry Albert Price (43, Stationary Engne Driver, born Ironbridge), his wife Mary (43, born Tipton), and their 5 children: Philip Francis (21, born West Bromwich), John Henry (18, Labourer in Tube Works, born Tipton), Mary Ann (14, Domestic Servant, born Tipton), Martha (11, born Tipton), and Sarah Ann (9, born Tipton).

1911 Census
73 Bridge Road, Tipton, Staffs.
Philip Price (31, Furnace Labourer in Wheel Works, born West Bromwich), and his wife Sarah Ann (28, born Shannon, USA).

According to Naval records, Philip's address at the time of his death was 19 Bridge Stret, Tipton, Staffs.

Personal Data

Philip Price was born in Hill Top, West Bromwich but from an early age lived in Tipton. On 4th June 1901 Philip enlisted for 12 years with the Royal Navy. Whether intentionally or by mistake he gave his date of birth as 28th February 1882, whereas his birth was registered 2 years earlier in June quarter 1880. William was employed as a collier, he was 5 feet 6 inches tall, had brown hair, blue eyes and a fresh complexion.

For the next 7 years William served as a stoker on a number of ships, including the Duke of Wellington, Glory and Victory II. In January 1908 William bought himself out af the Royal Navy and joined the Royal Fleet Reserve, as number B2434 with a base at Portsmouth. In July 1914 William was recalled to the Navy and apart from 5 days in July on Victory II, served on HMS Good Hope.

Action resulting in his death

HMS Good Hope was the flagship of the 4th Cruiser Squadron under Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock, patrolling the west coast of South America in search of a German Squadron under the command of Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilliam von Spee. Von Spee became aware that HMS Glasgow was isolated from the Squadron and determined to intercept it. His radio messages were intercepted and Craddock moved his entire Squadron to a location about 40 miles south-west of Coronel in Chile. Neither side were aware that the other side was present if full number.

Craddock thought he was searching for just the German ship 'Leipzig', but saw the full German fleet and turned south and tried to outrun the enemy. The Germans had the advantage of speed, so Craddock decided to turn and fight, but the Germans also had the advantage of a greater range of fire. Good Hope was hit but attempted to close and bring her shorter-range guns in action, but at 6,000 yards was hit by accurate and devastating German fire.

At sunset on 1st November 1914 - 7pm - with the moon clearly silhouetting Cradock's fleet, the Scharnhorst's third salvo crippled the flagship Good Hope which sank shortly afterwards. There were no survivors, Admiral Cradock himself going down with the Good Hope. HMS Monmouth was also sunk with no survivors. This was the first British naval defeat for 100 years (Battle of Grand Port, 1810).

The Royal Navy avenged this defeat on December 8th 1914 when von Spee attempted to raid Port Stanley, Falkland Islands. His fleet was ambushed by the Royal Navy under Vice-Admiral Sturdee, and the German ships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg and Leipzig were sunk, and von Spee lost his life.

Philip Price lost his life on HMS Good Hope, and is commemorated on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.

Newspaper Cuttings

De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour, page 297.
PRICE, PHILIP FRANCIS, Stoker 1st Class, (R.F.R., B.2434), 297773, H.M.S. Good Hope; lost in action off Coronel, on the coast of Chile, 1 Nov. 1914.