Private TF/3382 Joseph Martin

Died Mesopotamia on Monday, 17th July 1916, age 18.
Buried in Grave IX. F. 14. at Amara War Cemetery, Iraq.

1st/5th Bn., The Buffs (East Kent Regiment). 35th Brigade Brigade of 14th Indian Division.

Son of Mrs Elizabeth Martin, of 18, Tudor St., Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: Tipton, Resident: Tipton.

First landed Mesopotamia, post 31st December 1915.
Medal entitlement: British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the Tipton Library, Park Chapel, and Mission Church memorials.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/629450/

Genealogical Data

1901 Census
Sedgley Road East, Tipton, Staffs.
Alfred Martin (30, General Labourer, born Tipton), his wife Elizabeth (24, born Tipton), and their 2 children: Samuel (5, born Tipton), and Joseph (3, born Tipton).

1911 Census
20 Tudor Street, Tipton, Staffs.
Alfred Martin (41, Galvaniser, born Tipton), his wife Elizabeth (34, born Tipton), and their 5 surviving children of 8: Samuel (15, Moulder's Assistant, born Tipton), Joseph (13, Moulder's Assistant, born Tipton), William (5, born Tipton), Arthur (3, born Tipton), and Benjamin (1, born Tipton).

Personal Data

None Available.

Action resulting in his death

The 1/5th Buffs (East Kent) Regiment was a pre-war Territorial Battalion, known as the Weald of Kent Battalion, in the Home Counties Division. In October 1914 the Division was sent to India, and the Battalions sent to various Indian Divisions. In November 1915 the 1/5th Buffs went to Mesopotamia as part of 35th Brigade of the 7th (Meerut) Division; the Brigade moved to 14th (Indian) Division in May 1916.

Unfortunately, no details survive of Joseph Martin's service, so it cannot be determined how he came to be in the East Kent Regiment. As he was not awarded the 1915 Star, it is likely that he went from England directly to Mesopotamia as a reinforcement rather than to India in 1914.

As he is recorded as having 'Died' (as opposed to 'Killed in Action' or 'Died of Wounds'), it is likely that Joseph died due to disease. He is commemorated on the Amara War Cemetery Memorial in Amara, Iraq.

from CWGC:
Amara was occupied by the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force on 3 June 1915 and it immediately became a hospital centre, growing in size during 1916.

Amara War Cemetery contains 4,621 burials of the First World War, more than 3,000 of which were brought into the cemetery after the Armistice. In 1933, all of the headstones were removed from this cemetery when it was discovered that salts in the soil were causing them to deteriorate. Instead a screen wall was erected with the names of those buried in the cemetery engraved upon it.

Newspaper Cuttings

Birmingham Daily Gazette 28th August 1916
The Buffs (East Kent)- Martin, 3382, J., (Tipton).