Tipton

Remembers

Private 38065 Edward Malugani


Malugani Edward 96 389x600


Died of Wounds on Friday, 30th November 1917, age 35.
Buried in Grave III. C. 8. at Rocquigny-Equancourt Road British Cemetery, Manancourt, Somme, France.

2nd/6th Bn., South Staffordshire Regiment. 176th Brigade of 59th Division.

Husband of Annie Malugani, of 63, Tividale Rd., Tipton, Staffs. Native of Dudley, Worcs.
Born: Dudley, Enlisted: Tipton, Resident: Tipton.

First landed France & Flanders, post 31st December 1915.
Medal entitlement: British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the Tipton Library, and Dudley Clock Tower memorials.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/244255/


Genealogical Data

The Malugani name is extremely rare; in the Censuses of 1841 - 1901 I can find only only one source of the name:
Mark (probably Marco) Malugani was born in Italy in 1794, arriving in the UK in 1827.
In 1841 he was an Umbrella Manufacturer in New Street, Dudley with 3 children.
In 1851 he was an Umbrella Manufacturer in Wolverhampton Street, Dudley with 3 children.
In 1861 he was an Umbrella Manufacturer in Wolverhampton Street, Dudley with at least 6 children. Two of them living at home were Joseph (Edward's father) and Samuel, both became Umbrella Manufacturers. Samuel and family were in Union Street, Tipton in 1891.

1881 Census
15 Wolverhampton Street, Dudley, Worcs.
Sarah O'Neale (Head, 58, Widow, seemingly the mother of Joseph Malugani (Sarah Malugani married John O'Neail, December qtr 1867)
Joseph Malugani (34, Umbrella Manufacturer, born Dudley), his wife Martha (30, born Dudley), and 8 of their children: Lucy (10, Scholar, born Dudley), Francis J. (8, Scholar, born Dudley), Sarah A. (7, Scholar, born Dudley), Samuel B. (6, Scholar, born Dudley), Theresa (4, born Dudley), John (2, born Dudley), Thomas (1, born Dudley), and Mary E. (1 month, born Dudley).

Birth of Edward Malugani registered September quarter 1882 in Dudley.

1891 Census
18 Birmingham Street, Dudley, Worcs.
Joseph Malugani (42, Umbrella Manufacturer, born Dudley), his wife Martha (40, born Dudley), and 9 of their children: Samuel (16, Upholsterer, born Dudley), Theresa (13, Scholar, born Dudley), John (12, Scholar, born Dudley), Thomas (11, Scholar, born Dudley), Mary (9, Scholar, born Dudley), Edward (8, Scholar, born Dudley), Charles (6, Scholar, born Dudley), Agnes (5, Scholar, born Dudley), and James (2, born Dudley).
There were also 3 older children (per 1881 Census) who had left home by 1891.

1901 Census
18 Birmingham Street, Dudley, Worcs.
Martha Malugani (51, Widow, Umbrella Maker on own account, born Dudley) and 6 of her children: John (22, Umbrella Maker, born Dudley), Thomas (21, Umbrella Maker, born Dudley), Edward (18, Umbrella Maker, born Dudley), Charles (15, born Dudley), Agnes (13, born Dudley), and James (11, born Dudley).

1911 Census
60b Tividale Road, Tipton, Staffs.
Martha Malugani (60, Widow, born Dudley) and 5 of her 12 surviving children from 15: Thomas (31, Umemployed Horse Driver, born Dudley), Edward (28, Umemployed Horse Driver, born Dudley), Charles (25, Umemployed Horse Driver, born Dudley), Agnes (23, born Dudley), and Thomas (11, Umemployed Horse Driver, born Dudley Port).

Marriage of Edward Malugani and Annie Sheldon registered March quarter 1914 in Dudley. A daughter named Mary was born in September quarter 1916, and was registered in Dudley.


Personal Data

After Edward's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £5/5/11d (5 pounds, 5 shillings and 11 pence); this was paid to his widow, Annie, in March 1918. His War Gratuity was £3/0/0d (3 pounds exactly), this was also paid to Annie in December 1919. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that Edward had enlisted within the previous 12 months.


Action resulting in his death

After the initial success on the opening day of the Battle of Cambrai, the breakthrough to Cambrai was elusive. Bourlon Wood, dominating the northern end of the battlefield, was eventually captured but was under constant bombardment giving massive casualties. On 28th November the 2/6th South Staffs moved into Bourlon Wood and came under heavy bombardment, with large amounts of phosgene gas. Bourlon Wood was abandoned on the 3rd December, as it was impossible to hold against German shelling.

War Diary of 2nd/6th South Staffs.
29th November 1917, Bourlon Wood.
Enemy heavily bombarded Bourlon Wood with High Explosive and Gas shells and attacked front line positions on the 2/6th North Staffs regiment front, to which we were in support. 'A' Company advanced through the wood under heavy fire and reinforced the front line in answer to the S.O.S signal. The Company sustained several gas casualties.

30th November 1917, Bourlon Wood.
The battalion was heavily bombarded by Gas and High Explosive shells. During these two days the battalion suffered heavy causalities from gas, the whole of 'A', 'C' & 'D' Companies becoming casualties.

27 men of the 2/6th South Staffs were killed on the 30th November, Edward Malugani, Joseph Taylor and Jonathan Edwards, were from Tipton. Over the next 2 weeks, a further 55 men of the 2/6th South Staffs died, mostly due to the effects of gas in Bourlon Wood.

Edward Malugani is buried in Rocquigny-Equancourt Road British Cemetery, Manancourt.


Newspaper Cuttings

Birmingham Daily Post 4th January 1918
RANK AND FILE: MIDLANDS MEN.
DIED OF WOUNDS.
South Staffs Regiment, Malugani, 38065, E., (Tipton).