Lance Corporal 12453 Eli Edwards

Killed in Action on Friday, 6th August 1915, age 25.
Commemorated on Panel 104 to 113 of Helles Memorial, Turkey.

4th Bn., Worcestershire Regiment. 88th Brigade of 29th Division.

Son of the late Mr and Mrs Thomas Edwards.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: Dudley, Resident: Tipton.

First landed France & Flanders, 23rd December 1914.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Not commemorated on any Tipton memorial.
Commemorated here because identified as Tipton on 'Soldiers Died in the Great War'.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/695644/

Genealogical Data

Birth of Eli Edwards registered in September quarter 1890 in Dudley.

1891 Census
10 Coppice Street, Tipton, Staffs.
Thomas Edwards (44, Coal Miner, born Shropshire), his wife Emily (38, born Cradley Heath), and their 7 children: Thomas (15, born Tipton), Joseph (11, born Tipton), George H. (7, born Tipton), Mary A. (6, born Tipton), Walter (3, born Tipton), and Eli (9 months, born Tipton).

1901 Census
4 Simons Passage, Tipton, Staffs.
Thomas Edwards (53, Labourer, born Shrewsbury), his wife Emily (48, born Cradley Heath), and their 6 children: George (17, Labourer, born Tipton), Mary A. (15, Domestic Servant, born Tipton), Maria (14, Domestic Servant, born Tipton), Walter (13, Striker in Chainworks, born Tipton), Willie (this should be Eli) (10, born Tipton), and Evan (9, born Tipton). All children born Tipton.

1911 Census
27 Simons Passage, Tipton, Staffs.
Isaiah Hartland and his wife Ann Maria (25), their 2 children Edward and Sarah, plus brother-in-law Eli Edwards (20, Canal Boatman, born Tipton).

Personal Data

None Available.

Action resulting in his death

Battle for Krithia Vineyard, 6th August 1915.
The 4th Worcesters were in action at Cape Helles in May 1915, but were withdrawn for a few days in a rest camp on Lemnos. They arrived back at 'W' Beach after dark on 28th July and moved to Gully Brach in preparation for action on 6th August. This was to be a subsidiary attack to the main attack from the Anzac area on the mountain of Sari Bair.

The 4th Worcesters, 800 strong, left the beach at 4.00am and moved into the assembly trenches. The Battle for Krithia Vineyard commenced at 2.20pm when the British guns started to fire, and the Turks immediately replied with shrapnel and high-explosive shells bursting all along the trenches.

In a letter written that day Ben Tromans of Cradley Heath described the scene as: "..it was not fit for a fly to get out of the trenches, for the shot and shells were flying everywhere, knocking the sand bags of the top of the trenches which we had to mount to get at the Turks".

At 3.50pm the battalion moved forward in four waves and as they crested a low rise they were cut down and what few men that reached the trenches were overcome by superior numbers of Turks in hand-to-hand fighting.

The casualties of the 4th Worcesters were given in the Regimental History as 16 Officers and 752 NCOs and Men wounded, killed or missing; this from an attacking force of approximately 800 men. During the night of 6th/7th August, a search of no-mans land brought in 300 wounded men. "Soldiers Died in the Great War" records that 359 Other Ranks were killed on 6th August, and many more would die from their wounds in subsequent days.

6 Tipton men were killed in action on that day: William Cooper, Eli Edwards, John Jackson, John Jarvis, Isaac Pagett, and Davis Summers, none have a known grave and all are commemorated on the Helles Memorial.

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