Private 40192 James York

CGWC grave of James York

Killed in Action on Thursday, 4th October 1917, age 28.
Buried in Grave XXXII. F. 15. at New Irish Farm Cemetery, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.

21st Bn., Manchester Regiment. 91st Brigade of 7th Division.
Formerly 18540 South Staffs Regiment. (MIC), and possibly 76125 RFA (SDGW).

Brother of Thomas Jabez York, of 1 Court, 5 House, Wood St., Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Tipton, Enlisted: Tipton, Resident: Unknown.

First landed France & Flanders, 29th September 1915.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Not commemorated on any Tipton memorial.
Commemorated here because identified as Tipton on 'Soldiers Died in the Great War'.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/453337/

Genealogical Data

Birth of James York registered September quarter 1889 at Dudley.

1901 Census
49 Coppice Street, Tipton, Staffs.
James York (38, Widower, Labourer, born Tipton), and his three children: Thomas (16, General Labourer, born Tipton), Rachel (15, born Tipton), and James (11, born Tipton).

1911 Census
The Stop, Grand Union Canal, Braunston, Northants.
Canal Boat Grimsby: Master William Pountney.
James York (22, Canal Boat Mate, born Tipton).

Personal Data

James volunteered for the South Staffs Regiment in 1914 or 1915, and first entered France 29th September 1915 as Private 18540. At the time of his death he was serving with the Manchesters, it is likely James was wounded and posted to the 21st Battalion, Manchester Regiment on his recovery. 'Soldiers Died in the Great War' also shows that he was 76125 in the Royal Field Artillery, but there is no proof of this on his Medal Index Card.

After James's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £13/1/2d (13 pounds, 1 shilling and 2 pence); this was paid to his guardian and sole legatee, Mary Johnson, in March 1918. His War Gratuity was £12/10/0d (12 pounds and 10 shillings), this was shared equally between James's uncles William Johnson and Samuel Johnson in January 1920. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that James had enlisted in February 1915.

Action resulting in his death

On the 4th October 1917, the successful Battle of Broodseinde implemented Plumer's 'Bite and Hold' tactics during the Third Battle of Ypres, gaining a thousand yards during the day. The main thrust was provided by I and II Anzac Corps, with a flanking attack provided by X Corps which included the 21st Manchesters in the area of Polygon Wood. The flanking attack achieved most of its objectives (advancing 800 yards), although unsubdued German artillery fire from behind the Ghevulelt Plateau caused large numbers of casualties (8,000 casualties in the three attacking divisions).

42 men from the 21st Manchesters were to lose their lives on that day, including James York who is buried at New Irish Farm, just north of Ypres. This was mainly a concentration and battlefield clearance cemetery with only 73 burials at the time of the armistice; it is highly likely that James York was buried here after the war.

Newspaper Cuttings

Birmingham Daily Post 13th November 1917
The following casualties amongst warrant officers, non-commissioned officers, and men are reported under various dates:
MANCHESTER REGIMENT- York, 40192, J., (Tipton).