Private 18205 Charles Sandland

Sandland William 96 400x600Sandland Charles 96 392x600
Photograph & Newspaper Article courtesy of Mike Royden's excellent web site. To see this, click: Sandland.pdf

Killed in Action on Friday, 20th October 1916, age 33.
Buried in Grave IV. B. 34. at Le Touret Military Cemetery, Richebourg-L'Avoue, Pas De Calais, France.

1st Bn., Cheshire Regiment. 15th Brigade of 5th Division.

Son of Thomas Sandland, of 39, Albert St., Princes End, Tipton, Staffs.
Born: Princes End, Enlisted: Ellesmere Port, Resident: Unknown.

First landed France & Flanders, 20th April 1915.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.

Commemorated on the St. John's Memorial in Tipton, and Christ Church, Mersey Ironworks and Civic Memorials, Ellesmere Port.
Commemorated here because he appears on a Tipton memorial.

Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/262116/

Genealogical Data

Birth of Charles Sandland registered September quarter 1883 in Dudley.

1901 Census
30 Albert Street, Princes End, Tipton, Staffs.
Thomas (51, Widower, Blast Furnace Labourer, born Princes End), and his 7 children: Thomas (26, Iron Works Roller, born Princes End), Sarah (24, born Princes End), Samuel (21, Blast Furnace Labourer, born Princes End), Elizabeth (19, Bottle Washer, born Princes End), Charles (17, Iron Works Labourer, born Princes End), Walter (15, Iron Works Labourer, born Princes End), and Charlotte (11, born Princes End).

1911 Census
39 Albert Street, Princes End, Tipton, Staffs.
Thomas (65, Widower, Pit Banksman, born Tipton), and his 7 children: Samuel (32, born Tipton), Charles (26, Iron Roller, born Tipton), and Charlotte (21, born Tipton).

Personal Data

By 1914 Charles Sandland had moved to Ellesmere Port where he was employed at the Mersey Iron Works. He enlisted early in the war as he landed in France in April 1915 when he was posted to the 1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment. They had just fought at the Second Battle of Ypres and the Capture of Hill 60, so he would have been part of a reinforcement draft.

After Charles's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £7/5/6d (7 pounds, 5 shillings and 6 pence); this was paid to his father and sole legatee, Thomas, in February 1917. His War Gratuity was £9/0/0d (9 pounds exactly), this was also paid to his father in October 1919. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that Charles had enlisted in approximately September 1914.

Action resulting in his death

The 1st Cheshires served in 15th Brigade of the 5th Infantry Division which took over a section of front line at the southern edge of Vimy Ridge, east of Arras, in March 1916. The Division was active with many daily trench raids and mining activities in the front line.

At the opening of the Battle of the Somme on 1st July 1916 the 5th Division was at rest in Reserve. Its major engagements in 1916 were during the Battle of the Somme with the Battles of High Wood, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, and Le Transloy. By 5th October 1916 the Division had moved northwards towards Festubert; there was still a constant threat from enemy artillery and sniper fire, but compared to the Somme it was a relatively calm.

During this period of relative calm Charles Sandland was killed. It would appear to have been a random event, probably artillery or sniper, as his is the only death in the 1st Battalion within a week. He is buried at Le Touret Military Cemetery, and he is commemorated at St. John's in Tipton, and the Mersey Iron Works, Christ Church, and the Civic War Memorials in Ellesmere Port.

Newspaper Cuttings

Tipton Herald 16th December 1916
Private C. Sandland, of Princes End, who is from the Cheshire Regiment and was attached to a Trench Mortar Battery, is officially reported killed in action.

Unknown Ellesmere Port Newspaper << Article calls him William, but his correct name was certainly Charles. >>
Private William Sandland, a well-known Ellesmere Port man, has been killed at the front. A single man, aged 32, he formerly worked at the Mersey Ironworks in the mills, and enlisted two years last October. Deceased has been in France, and was wounded at Hill 60 by a bullet which went through his head. Deceased resided in Exeter Road.
Second Lieut. Chas W Warner has sent the following letter to Mr Sandland:
“It is with very great regret that I have to communicate to you the sad news of your son’s death. He was killed in action in the trenches on the night of the 20th October by the explosion of a bomb and death took place almost at once; he never regained consciousness. Arrangements have been made for his burial in the local military cemetery. Always an earnest soldier, a hard worker and popular in the battery; he will be missed by us all.”