Photograph courtesy of Steve Moore and Margaret Carter.
Killed in Action Gallipoli on Friday, 10th December 1915, age unknown.
Buried in Grave I. E. 5. at Azmak Cemetery, Suvla, Turkey.
7th Bn., South Staffordshire Regiment. 33rd Brigade of 11th Division.
Born: Earlestown, Lancs, Enlisted: Wednesbury, Resident: Tipton.
First landed Balkans, 11th September 1915.
Medal entitlement: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal.
Soldier's Papers at National Archives did not survive.
Not commemorated on any Tipton memorial.
Commemorated here because identified as Tipton on 'Soldiers Died in the Great War'.
Link to Commonwealth War Graves Site: www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/601768/
Birth of Joseph Hayes Critchley registered September quarter 1888 in Warrington.
17 Villa Road, Oldham, Lancs.
Joseph Critchley (41, Plumber, born Manchester), his wife Emily (39, born Netherton), and their 6 children: Martha A. (17, Cotton Card Loom Hand, born Golborne, Lancs), Emily (15, Double Piecer at Cotton Mill, born Golborne), Joseph H. (12, Little Piecer in Cotton Mill, born Earlestown, Lancs), John (10, born Golborne), Frederick (6, born Oldham), and Alice (2, born Oldham).
Marriage of Joseph Hayes Critchley and May Lillian Rollason registered September quarter 1908 in Oldham.
45 Hollins Road, Oldham, Lancs.
Joseph Hayes Critchley (22, Big Piecer on Cotton Mule, born Earlestown, Lancs), his wife Lilian May (22, born Netherton), and their 1 surviving child of 2: Joseph (1, born Oldham).
Joseph Critchley was a Lancashire man who had married a Netherton girl in Oldham in 1908, which presumably was the reason he was living in Tipton by 1914. Having enlisted with the South Staffs, he was sent to Gallipoli where almost 200 men of the 7th South Staffs had been killed during July and August 1915.
After Joseph's death, his outstanding army pay and allowances amounted to £3/12/7d (3 pounds, 12 shillings and 7 pence); this was paid to his widow, Lilian M., in March 1916. His War Gratuity was £3/0/0d (3 pounds exactly), this was also paid to his widow in August 1919. The value of the War Gratuity suggests that Joseph had enlisted witin the 12 months proir to his death.
Joseph arrived in Gallipoli on 11th September, when the major battles for the South Staffs in the peninsula had already taken place. At this time the battalion was being re-built, and were mainly involved in holding the line and innumerable work parties. November saw violent storms and freezing conditions, with trenches flooded and cases of frostbite widespread.
On 9th December the 7th South Staffs took over an area known as the 'Grouse Butts' about 150 yards from the Turkish lines, considered one of the most dangerous parts of the line. It was now known that the attempt at evacuation from Gallipoli had definitely been decided on, and on 10th December initial preparations began. It was on this day that Joseph Critchley was killed in action, he has no known grave and is commemorated on the Helles Memorial.